FAO State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture Report: 2016 Edition

Created on Wednesday, 24 August 2016

FAO Blog pic

The global fisheries and aquaculture sector is an important source of employment, nutrition, and income, supporting the livelihoods of 12% of the world’s population. It is important to have an up-to-date, comprehensive, and accurate understanding of the state of our fisheries so that we can monitor and measure how changes in fisheries and aquaculture impacts both worldwide human and fish populations. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) releases a report every two years that does just that, aptly named The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture. Aiming to provide a reliable and informed analysis of inclusive fisheries and aquaculture data and related issues, this globally scoped report covers a variety of topics such as illegal fishing, invasive species, fishing fleet status, governance and policy, bycatch mitigation, and fisheries resilience. The 2016 edition uses the latest official statistics on fisheries and aquaculture to present a global analysis of trends in fish stocks, production, processing, utilization, trade, and consumption. Sections of this report are highlighted below.

Due to the dependence on fisheries by millions of people around the world, coupled with the increasing supply of farmed seafood, worldwide per capita fish supply has reached a record high in 2014. World aquaculture production now provides half of all fish for human consumption, and for the first time ever has surpassed the contribution of wild-caught fish. In light of this, open ocean, coastal, and even freshwater fisheries are emphasized as having a large potential to contribute significantly to food security and adequate nutrition for a global population expected to reach 9.7 billion people by 2050.

Despite increased production and, in places, stronger fisheries management, the state of the world’s marine fish stocks has not improved, although some areas have seen notable progress. The ten most productive species accounted for 27% of the world’s marine capture fisheries production in 2013; however most of those stocks are fully fished with no potential for increases in production. Compounding this problem is a global fleet of 4.6 million fishing vessels. Among the implementation shortfalls there has still been considerate positive developments in relation to the FAO Fisheries Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries – considered a benchmark policy for ocean governance. There has also been notable progress in monitoring the status of fish stocks, compilation of statistics on catch and fishing effort, and the application of the FAO Code’s ecosystem approach to fisheries and aquaculture.

Steps are also being taken to combat illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing and to control fishing capacity, including:

  1. A global application of the 2014 FAO Voluntary Guidelines on Flag State Performance, which serves as an important compliment to the Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA). By improving the implementation of flag state responsibilities, ideally, illegal fishers will be deterred and denied access to states’ ports and markets;
  2. A new focus on implementing internationally agreed-upon International Plans Of Action for IUU fishing (IPOA-IUU); and
  3. A recognition of the need for market access and trade measures that would be beneficial to combat illegal fishing such as traceability, catch documentation, and ecolabeling schemes.


Similar to the work FishWise undertakes with its retail partnerships, the State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture report also highlighted the role that end-to-end traceability can play as an important tool to lend support to the sustainable and traceable seafood movement. Similarly, the report emphasizes global efforts to combat IUU fishing, which requires significant international coordination and cooperation. To aid support in the endeavor to build consensus and cooperation, FAO drafted guidelines in 2015 for catch documentation schemes based on these core principles:

  • Be in conformity with the provisions of relevant law
  • Not create unnecessary barriers to trade
  • Equivalence
  • Risk-based
  • Reliable
  • Simple, clear, and transparent
  • Electronic (if possible)


While these guidelines are voluntary, they provide states, intergovernmental organizations, and other stakeholders guidance for developing, implementing, reviewing, and harmonizing catch documentation schemes.

The FAO’s State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture report details important global efforts, challenges, and progress made in the world fisheries and aquaculture sector. This latest edition emphasizes that the state of the world’s fisheries, despite progress in particular areas, is not improving. On the contrary, there has been improvement in developing and now implementing a progressive legal framework to combat IUU fishing as well as a realization that end-to-end traceability can lend support to providing consumers with legal, traceable, and sustainable seafood. As FishWise continues to work with its partners and other NGOs to deliver credible, market-based solutions for sustainably and ethically sourced seafood, it is encouraging to know that our goals align with those of the FAO – an internationally recognized and respected organization.

Traceability At Your Fingertips

Created on Thursday, 18 August 2016

Traceability Toolkit blog_credit Matt Grove

Traceability is quickly gaining recognition in the seafood industry as an effective tool that can help illuminate opaque supply chains and verify sustainability and social responsibility claims. However, the traceability landscape is complex and constantly evolving, making it a difficult concept for many to fully grasp. Future of Fish recognized that industry-wide adoption of traceability best practices would be dependent on a shared understanding of the concept, and enlisted the help of FishWise, World Wildlife Fund, and the Global Food Traceability Center to create a Traceability 101 Toolkit – a one stop shop with helpful and simplified resources on all things seafood traceability. This toolkit will help empower environmental and social NGOS to effectively guide their industry partners towards the goal of robust, end-to-end supply chain traceability.

The resources in this toolkit were born out of responses from surveys and interviews with conservation organizations, who expressed the need for high-level traceability concepts clearly explained through multimedia platforms. The traceability tools currently available in this toolkit are:


NGOs can now use these tools to ensure that they all have the same understanding of end-to-end supply chain traceability, and educate their industry partners on steps to take towards implementing traceability best practices. FishWise Traceability Division Director Mariah Boyle explains that “this toolkit is a significant step towards greater alignment and understanding of seafood traceability. NGOs and companies with expertise on the topic can sharpen their traceability lexicon with the glossary and think about new traceability applications by viewing the slide deck. Those new to traceability can view quick PSAs as a 101 on the topic and a one-pager on the five core functions of traceability.”

This toolkit is intended to evolve with the continually changing landscape of seafood traceability. It will serve as a dynamic platform that can continue to house new and improved tools to support greater understanding and more effective engagement in conversations about traceability and traceability technology in seafood supply chains.

If you’d like to learn more about seafood traceability, please visit our FishWise Traceability Resources page for additional information.


Sea Quest – MSC Certified Albacore from Fiji

Created on Friday, 05 August 2016

Sea Quest Fiji blog photo

In November and December of 2015, FishWise staff Mariah Boyle and Elsie Tanadjaja went on a trip to the South Pacific to learn more about tuna fisheries. Tuna is the third most consumed seafood in this country, with fresh and frozen offerings in steaks and sashimi along with the American staple of canned tuna. Tuna are impressive fish – they are large, migrate throughout the world’s oceans, and have specialized physiology to swim fast and regulate their body temperatures. On this trip, Mariah and Elsie visited several countries and many companies. One of these was Sea Quest, based in Fiji.

Established in 2006, Sea Quest is a 100% locally owned tuna longline fishing company based out of the port of Suva, Fiji. It has grown from its small beginnings of three fishing vessels to a current total of six licensed longliners harvesting fresh tuna to be exported to international markets. Employing around 150 staff including crew, engineers, and administrative staff, Sea Quest prides itself on training and providing employment to locals, particularly from rural areas.

Sea Quest, among many other companies in this area, fish using longlines – about 98% of what the company catches is marketable in terms of species and size. Sea Quest annually harvests approximately 1,000 tons of fish; about 500 of which is fresh and destined for buyers primarily in Japan and the United States, as well as growing markets in New Zealand, Australia, and the European Union. All of their harvest is within Fiji’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

In 2012, as one of four members of the Fiji Tuna Boat Owners Association (FTBOA), Sea Quest’s albacore tuna longline fishery was certified with the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). Between 50 and 60% of the Fijian tuna harvest is made up of albacore and represents a large portion of the country’s tuna export earnings. This accreditation allowed Sea Quest to access markets previously off limits due to the assurance that albacore tuna fished within Fiji was harvested from a sustainable and certified source. Certification by an internationally recognized organization like the MSC is vital recognition for the efforts towards creating a more sustainable and efficiently managed fishery.

Sea Quest continually stresses the importance of not only sustainable fishing practices but traceability throughout the supply chain. Since June 2013, Sea Quest and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), through it’s Smart Fishing Initiative, have teamed up to implement a project to prove that use of satellite technology on fishing vessels can not only increase safety on those vessels but promote legal and transparent fishing practices. Sea Quest had installed six Automatic Identification System (AIS) transmitters on its tuna fishing vessels to demonstrate full transparency of the fleet’s fishing operations and has since been receiving positive feedback from its customers and boat captains.

Additionally, Fiji is a signatory country to the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) regional fisheries management organization (RFMO) as well as a signatory to UNCLOS and all relevant conventions, aimed at using effective management for the long-term conservation and sustainable use of highly migratory species, such as tuna. Unfortunately, there have been recent concerns over the declining tuna stocks in the Pacific due to competition from foreign-flagged fishing vessels and overfishing of the stocks.

Fiji has taken some excellent strides to improve their offshore fishery management in recent years. Their monitoring and inspection of vessels returning to port has been improved, new fisheries regulations have been implemented, and managers are working collaboratively with fishers and fishing associations to address concerns.

There is still work to be done to manage tuna in a sustainable manner, globally. Efforts to improve traceability, vessel tracking, enforcement and set sustainable harvest limits will be vital to the long-term viability of these fish stocks. After our trip we’re in awe of these beautiful fish and look forward to working to ensure their sustainability is a priority.

FishWise Celebrates Target’s Achievements in Sustainable Seafood

Created on Sunday, 31 July 2016


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In 2011, FishWise partnered with Target to help the company develop a comprehensive program with the goal of having 100% of its fresh and frozen seafood products be responsibly sourced and traceable by year-end 2015 . Since then, Target has transitioned almost 60% of its fresh and frozen seafood to sustainable sources. As of January 2016, 97% of the fresh and frozen seafood sold in Target stores meets their commitment to responsible sourcing. Additionally, 100% of Target’s owned brand fresh and frozen seafood products are now from responsible sources.

The success of the partnership and program has established Target as an industry leader in the sustainable seafood movement. Target has maintained a top ten position in Greenpeace’s “Carting Away the Oceans” report, placing it in the top tier of U.S. supermarkets that are addressing the major social and environmental concerns associated with seafood.

One key factor in Target’s success is its willingness to extend its work beyond direct purchasing by engaging in collaborative discussions with seafood vendors to improve sourcing.

Together with FishWise, Target engaged with the Global Aquaculture Alliance to make improvements to its Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) certification for farm raised shrimp. Target also has supported fishery improvement projects by purchasing from progressive FIPs.

Going forward, Target is committed to working with its vendors to ensure its high standards for sustainable seafood continue to be met.


FishWise Updates Briefing on Human Trafficking and Abuse in Thailand’s Shrimp Supply Chains

Created on Wednesday, 27 July 2016


Over the past few years, criticisms have been directed at the Thai government for labor and human rights abuses occurring in the country. Evidence of human trafficking, forced labor, and human rights abuses were described by the media and NGO sources. In anticipation of the 2016 Trafficking in Persons Report, FishWise has updated its briefing document on the issue.

The briefing describes the primary human rights issues in Thai shrimp supply chains, the United States and European Union’s responses to this issue, a history of media attention paid to the issue, Thailand’s response, and actions from and recommendations for the seafood industry.

You can view the briefing document here.

Solander Pacific Ltd – MSC Certified Albacore from Fiji

Created on Monday, 11 July 2016


Bluefin tuna_Solander Pacific blog

In November and December of 2015, FishWise staff Mariah Boyle and Elsie Tanadjaja went on a trip to the South Pacific to learn more about tuna fisheries. Tuna is the third most consumed seafood in this country, with fresh and frozen offerings in steaks and sashimi along with the American staple of canned tuna. Tuna are impressive fish – they are large, migrate throughout the world’s oceans, and have specialized physiology to swim fast and regulate their body temperatures. On this trip, Mariah and Elsie visited several countries and many companies. One of these was Solander Pacific, based in Fiji.

Solander Pacific, a tuna longline fishing company based out of the Pacific island of Fiji, is one of the island’s oldest fishing companies. Founded in 1987, it prides itself with not only directly contributing tens of millions of Fijian dollars to the local economy, but also employing around 400 people with on-going training of skippers, crew, and engineers onboard a fleet of 13 vessels. Solander Pacific is an important part of the country’s domestic tuna industry, dubbed “Fiji’s $300 million industry.”

Solander Pacific’s New Zealand-based parent company, The Solander Group, engages in catching and freezing a variety of tuna species. Solander Pacific catches, freezes, and exports big-eye, yellowfin, and albacore tuna, and is one of the largest catchers and processors of albacore in the Pacific, producing around 2,000 tons each year.

High quality seafood products are ensured by Solander Pacific’s vessels due to short trips out to sea, tuna grading on site, careful packing, and temperature-controlled refrigerated saltwater systems for storage and shipment. Solander Pacific’s fishing vessels are company owned and operated out of the port of Suva and thus are subject to the rigorous fisheries research, management, and monitoring systems Fiji employs for its tuna fishing industry.

Fiji is a signatory country, among many other small island nations, to the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC) regional fisheries management organization (RFMO) which gives guidance on sustainability, ecologically important species, and catch reporting. A sizeable benefit to Solander Pacific’s adherence to all relevant management regimes and authorities was the ability for the Fiji Tuna Boat Owners Association (FTBOA), of which Solander Pacific is a member, to obtain Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification in 2012 for its albacore longline fishery. This certification helped the company gain access to markets, mainly those in Europe, that have a high demand for seafood sourced from certified fisheries.

Additionally, Fiji is a signatory to UNCLOS and all relevant UN conventions on the management of fish stocks in the South Pacific. But, there have been recent concerns over the declining stock status of Pacific tuna due to competition from foreign fishing vessels and overfishing of tuna stocks.

Fiji has taken some excellent strides to improve their offshore fishery management in recent years. Their monitoring and inspection of vessels returning to port has been improved, new fisheries regulations have been implemented, and managers are working collaboratively with fishers and fishing associations to address concerns.

There is still work to be done to globally manage tuna in a sustainable manner. Efforts to improve traceability, vessel tracking, enforcement, and set sustainable harvest limits will be vital to the long-term viability of these fish stocks. After this trip, we’re in awe of these beautiful fish and look forward to working to ensure their sustainability is a priority.


FishWise Provides Sustainable Seafood Education at Savvy Seafood Event

Created on Friday, 24 June 2016

                                                        Photo Credit: NOAA

FishWise recently had the good fortune of being invited to participate in the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Exploration Center’s Savvy Seafood event on June’s First Friday – a day each month where Santa Cruz businesses feature art and informational activities designed to engage the community. The aim of the event was for attendees to learn how to make smart seafood choices while celebrating the sustainable fisheries located in the Monterey Bay.

FishWise project managers Meg Songer, Traci Linder, Erin Taylor, and Rachael Confair enjoyed spending the beautiful evening fielding questions regarding sustainable seafood, helping children to create their own FishWise activity pages, and inviting attendees to play FishWise’s educationally-themed cornhole game. Ocean2Table, a local community supported fishery (CSF), supplied a very tasty and sustainable seafood spread that included sablefish cakes and California halibut lettuce wraps.

Opened in 2012, the Sanctuary Exploration Center in Santa Cruz highlights the spectacular Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. The Center’s main goals include educating visitors about the sanctuary’s unique coastal and marine environment while fostering a personal connection with the sanctuary and encouraging marine stewardship. The event was a success with record First Friday attendance and a wonderful time was had by all. FishWise looks forward to any future collaborations with the Exploration Center.

Putting a Price Tag on Illegal Tuna Fishing in the Pacific

Created on Tuesday, 21 June 2016

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration:Department of Commerice

Photo Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Department of Commerce

An important two-year study coordinated by the Pacific Islands Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA) – Towards the Quantification of Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing in the Pacific Islands Region – has shone a spotlight on the prevalence of IUU fishing activity in the region that’s home to the most productive tuna stock on the planet. By identifying the volume and composition of illegal catch, and the nature of vessels primarily responsible for the violations, the authors were able to identify priorities for monitoring and enforcement.

This report is the first effort to quantify the volume, species, composition, and value of IUU fishing specifically within Pacific tuna fisheries, in part due to the difficulties in collecting robust information. In order to create an estimate of IUU fishing, risk factors were separated into four main categories: unlicensed/unauthorized fishing, misreporting (including under-reporting and misidentification), non-compliance with other license conditions (e.g. FAD fishing during the purse seine closure period), and post-harvest risks (e.g. illegal transshipping). Then data from 2010 – 2015 on these risks was evaluated for each of the region’s three main tuna fishing sectors – purse seine, tropical longline, and southern longline – and aggregated to produce a total estimate. The data was obtained from vessel logbooks, observer workbooks, public domain catch and effort data, and vessel monitoring systems. The study generated best estimates as well as minimum and maximum range values, to reflect some uncertainty resulting from the inherent secretive nature of IUU fishing.

The following is a brief list of the study’s key findings:

  • Total volume of product harvested or transshipped using IUU activity in Pacific tuna fisheries was estimated at 306,440 tons, valued at $616.11 million a year.
  • Purse seine was the sector with the highest estimated volume of IUU product, accounting for 70% of overall volume. The prominent IUU activities in this sector were reporting violations and illegal FAD fishing during the closure period.
  • Tropical longline was the sector with the highest estimated value of IUU product, accounting for $272.55 million. This is largely due to the higher market value of the sector’s target species.
  • Reporting violations ranked as the highest IUU risk category, accounting for 54% of the total estimated IUU volume.
  • Majority of IUU activity is conducted by licensed fleets, accounting for 95% of the total estimated volume and value of IUU product.


The study estimates $616.11 million dollars of IUU product is stolen from the Pacific island waters each year – equating to roughly 12 percent of the regional catch. This is a significant loss to the 17 nations in this region that rely on the tuna fisheries as a large source of revenue and livelihoods. Many efforts are already underway to help combat IUU in Pacific tuna fisheries, however the results of this study reveal that more strategic measures are needed to effectively encourage compliance and improve monitoring throughout the supply chain. For instance, the study found that unlike other regions of the world where large unlicensed fishing fleets contribute to the majority of IUU activity, the largest threat to these fisheries is misreporting by legally licensed vessels. Further, these results can provide important data for driving future IUU mitigation management efforts in that region, serving as a baseline against which future improvements and successes in the region can be measured.

In the longline sector, key priorities include strengthening mechanisms for independent monitoring of catch throughout the supply chain, increasing transshipment monitoring and control, and improving on-board monitoring through increased observer coverage and the use of electronic monitoring technology. The key priorities identified for the purse seine sector are strengthening mechanisms to verify fishing activity, using cannery data for catch verification, and improving monitoring and management of FAD usage.

Some companies are aware of the risks associated with current tuna sourcing practices and are taking steps to provide more sustainable options for their customers. These include FishWise’s retail partners who carry sustainably sourced private brands of canned tuna such as Albertson’s Safeway Kitchens, Target’s Simply Balanced, and Hy-Vee’s Select. To learn more about popular brands of canned tuna on supermarket shelves and which ones are leaders in sustainable and ethical tuna sourcing, read Greenpeace’s Tuna Shopping Guide.

FishWise Partner Highlight: Darcie Renn, Senior Sustainability Manager

Created on Wednesday, 01 June 2016


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Prior to joining Albertsons Companies in April 2015, Senior Sustainability Manager Darcie Renn served in the Peace Corps, was selected as a Packard Environmental Fellow, and earned her MBA in Sustainable Management at Presidio Graduate School. Renn brings her knowledge and experience to bear at Albertsons working to improve the sustainability of the companies’ products, support communities, and promote environmentally responsible business practices.

Over the past year, she has overseen the expansion of the Responsible Seafood Program from Safeway to Albertsons Companies, which  operates stores across 35 states and the District of Columbia under 18 well-known banners including Albertsons, Safeway, Vons, Jewel-Osco, Shaw’s, Acme, Tom Thumb, Randalls, United Supermarkets, Pavilions, Star Market and Carrs. Renn has led anti-human trafficking efforts for those companies. Renn also surveys new vendors across all categories to ensure compliance with Albertsons Companies’ sustainability guidelines and expectations, which includes requiring vendors to document how they are combatting human trafficking within their supply chains. Seafood, she says, is a particularly high-risk category for human rights abuses. By expanding the offerings of Fair Trade products in seafood, as well as coffee and produce, Renn is working to build on Albertsons Companies’ reputation for sustainable and ethical business practices.

With the close of Safeway’s 2015 Responsible Seafood Commitment, Renn is excited to set new goals for seafood sustainability at Albertsons Companies. As partners in this endeavor, FishWise looks forward to continuing our work with Renn and Albertsons Companies to set the standard among retailers.

Quixotic Farming: Expansion for Missouri tilapia farm in full swing

Created on Thursday, 26 May 2016

QF Tanks 1

Quixotic Farming, a family-owned, sustainable seafood company that raises traceable, United States tilapia, has begun its expansion of its Missouri farm by purchasing 27 new fish tanks for the facility.

The first load of new tanks was delivered on May 4th to Quixotic Farming’s Missouri facility located at the south end of Chillicothe in a once-vacant Wal-Mart building. This farm is already home to approximately 250,000 tilapia that live in 33 ten thousand gallon tanks. Each tank is equipped with its own filtration and recirculation system, which allows Quixotic Farming to sustainably reuse the water that fills each tank.

By adding the 27 new tanks, Quixotic will increase its water capacity by 250,000 gallons. The farm will be able to hold approximately 200,000 more fish.

“The additional tanks should increase our production by about 70 percent,” says Randy Constant, Founder and CEO.

Right now, the company ships all of its fish to its second farm location in Colorado to be processed. But with the added tanks and water capacity in Chillicothe, the company has a new goal in mind: to open a second processing facility in Missouri.

“The goal is to expand in Missouri and reach the size of our Colorado facility so that it makes sense to process in both locations,” says Constant.

By Wednesday, May 11th, the remainder of the new tanks were delivered to the Chillicothe farm. The tanks will be setup and ready to house fish by the end of the summer. At that point, the Wal-Mart building will be at half capacity. According to Constant, the hope is to fill the rest of the building with tanks in the next 18 months, at which point, the Missouri facility would be complete.